Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 303

Soyuz MS

Irkut

Russia

Patch Soyuz MS Patch Takuya Onishi

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Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  07.07.2016
Launch time:  01:36:40.208 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  199.03 x 247.13 km
Inclination:  51,65°
Docking ISS:  09.07.2016, 04:06:31 UTC
Undocking ISS:  30.10.2016, 00:35 UTC
Landing date:  30.10.2016
Landing time:  03:58:23.3 UTC
Landing site:  47°21'28,98"N, 69°40'43,38"E

walkout photo

Crew Soyuz MS

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Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Ivanishin  Anatoli Alekseyevich  Commander 2 115d 02h 21m 43s  1792 
2 Japan  Onishi  Takuya  Flight Engineer 1 115d 02h 21m 43s  1792 
3  Rubins  Kathleen Hallisey "Kate"  Flight Engineer 1 115d 02h 21m 43s  1792 

Crew seating arrangement

Launch
1  Ivanishin
2  Onishi
3  Rubins
Landing
1  Ivanishin
2  Onishi
3  Rubins

Animations: Soyuz

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with friendly permission of www.marscenter.it

Backup Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Novitsky  Oleg Viktorovich  Commander
2 France  Pesquet  Thomas Gautier  Flight Engineer
3  Whitson  Peggy Annette  Flight Engineer
Crew Soyuz MS backup

credit: European Space Agency / Roscosmos

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Flight

Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. ISS Expedition 48 / 49. Landing 155 km southeast of Dzheskasgan.

Following a two days solo flight Soyuz MS docked to ISS on July 09, 2016. Anatoli Ivanishin, Takuya Onishi and Kathleen Rubins became the ISS Expedition 48 (together with ISS Expedition 47 crew members Aleksei Ovchinin, Oleg Skripochka and Jeffrey Williams). With the arrival Expedition 48 became a six-person-crew.
During their two-day transit from the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to the station, the crew tested a variety of upgraded systems on their Soyuz MS spacecraft. The modified Soyuz is equipped with upgraded thrusters that are fully redundant, additional micrometeoroid debris shielding, redundant electrical motors for the Soyuz' docking probe and increased power with more photovoltaic cells on the spacecraft's solar arrays.

The Soyuz spacecraft is composed of three elements attached end-to-end - the Orbital Module, the Descent Module and the Instrumentation/Propulsion Module. The crew occupied the central element, the Descent Module. The other two modules are jettisoned prior to re-entry. They burn up in the atmosphere, so only the Descent Module returned to Earth.
Having shed two-thirds of its mass, the Soyuz reached Entry Interface - a point 400,000 feet (121.9 kilometers) above the Earth, where friction due to the thickening atmosphere began to heat its outer surfaces. With only 23 minutes left before it lands on the grassy plains of central Asia, attention in the module turned to slowing its rate of descent.
Eight minutes later, the spacecraft was streaking through the sky at a rate of 755 feet (230 meters) per second. Before it touched down, its speed slowed to only 5 feet (1.5 meter) per second, and it lands at an even lower speed than that. Several onboard features ensure that the vehicle and crew land safely and in relative comfort.
Four parachutes, deployed 15 minutes before landing, dramatically slowed the vehicle's rate of descent. Two pilot parachutes were the first to be released, and a drogue chute attached to the second one followed immediately after. The drogue, measuring 24 square meters (258 square feet) in area, slowed the rate of descent from 755 feet (230 meters) per second to 262 feet (80 meters) per second.
The main parachute was the last to emerge. It is the largest chute, with a surface area of 10,764 square feet (1,000 square meters). Its harnesses shifted the vehicle's attitude to a 30-degree angle relative to the ground, dissipating heat, and then shifted it again to a straight vertical descent prior to landing.
The main chute slowed the Soyuz to a descent rate of only 24 feet (7.3 meters) per second, which is still too fast for a comfortable landing. One second before touchdown, two sets of three small engines on the bottom of the vehicle fired, slowing the vehicle to soften the landing.

Soyuz MS upgrades

Soyuz MS upgrades Soyuz MS upgrades
Soyuz MS upgrades Soyuz MS upgrades
Soyuz MS upgrades Soyuz MS upgrades
Soyuz MS upgrades

Graphics / Photos

crew in training crew in training
Soyuz MS integration Soyuz MS rollout
Soyuz MS erection Soyuz MS on the launch pad
Soyuz MS on the launch pad Soyuz MS launch
Soyuz MS launch Crew Soyuz MS onboard ISS
Soyuz MS landing Soyuz MS landing
Soyuz MS recovery Soyuz MS recovery

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Last update on December 06, 2016.