ISS: Expedition 54
|Given names:||Aleksandr Aleksandrovich||Mark Thomas||Joseph Michael||Anton Nikolayevich||Scott David "Maker"||Norishige|
|Position:||ISS-CDR||Flight Engineer||Flight Engineer||Flight Engineer||Flight Engineer||Flight Engineer|
|Spacecraft (Launch):||Soyuz MS-06||Soyuz MS-06||Soyuz MS-06||Soyuz MS-07||Soyuz MS-07||Soyuz MS-07|
|Launchtime:||21:17:02.407 UTC||21:17:02.407 UTC||21:17:02.407 UTC||07:21:01.127 UTC||07:21:01.127 UTC||07:21:01.127 UTC|
|Spacecraft (Landing):||Soyuz MS-06||Soyuz MS-06||Soyuz MS-06||Soyuz MS-07||Soyuz MS-07||Soyuz MS-07|
|Landingtime:||02:31:20 UTC||02:31:20 UTC||02:31:20 UTC||12:39:42 UTC||12:39:42 UTC||12:39:42 UTC|
|Mission duration:||168d 05h 14m 18s||168d 05h 14m 18s||168d 05h 14m 18s||168d 05h 18m 41s||168d 05h 18m 41s||168d 05h 18m 41s|
|Given names:||Anton Nikolayevich||Scott David||Shannon||Sergei Valerievich||Alexander||Jeanette Jo|
|Position:||ISS-CDR||Flight Engineer||Flight Engineer||Flight Engineer||Flight Engineer||Flight Engineer|
Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome.
ISS Expedition 54 began with the undocking of spacecraft Soyuz MS-05 on December 14, 2017 at 05:14:28 UTC. The former Expedition 53 (Sergei Ryazansky, Randolph Bresnik and Paolo Nespoli) returned safely to Earth.
NASA commercial cargo provider SpaceX launched its 13th commercial resupply services mission to the International Space Station at 15:36 UTC on December 15, 2017. Loaded with almost 4,800 pounds (2,170 kg) of research, crew supplies and hardware, the SpaceX Dragon spacecraft (CRS-13 or SpX-13) launched on a Falcon 9 rocket.
Dragon delivers several science investigations to the space station, including a NASA instrument called Total and Spectral Solar Irradiance Sensor, or TSIS-1, which will measure the Sun's energy input to Earth, and a fiber optic payload. Also manifested on this flight is an investigation sponsored by the Center for the Advancement of Science in Space known as Biorasis - Glucose Biosensor, which seeks to improve the accuracy of a wireless medically implantable continuous glucose biosensor for day-to-day diabetes management.
About 10 minutes after launch, Dragon reached its preliminary orbit and deployed its solar arrays. A carefully choreographed series of thruster firings are scheduled to bring the spacecraft to rendezvous with the space station.
On December 17, 2017 Mark Vande Hei and Joseph Acaba captured Dragon using the space station's robotic arm (10:57 UTC). Ground controllers then sent commands to robotically install the spacecraft on the station's Harmony module (13:26 UTC).
Following a two-days solo flight Soyuz MS-07 docked to ISS on December 19, 2017. Anton Shkaplerov, Scott Tingle and Norishige Kanai became the ISS Expedition 54 (together with ISS Expedition 53 crew members Aleksandr Misurkin, Mark Vande Hei and Joseph Acaba). With the arrival Expedition 54 became a six-person-crew.
Filled with trash, the unpiloted Russian cargo ship Progress MS-06 undocked from the aft port of the Zvezda Service Module of the International Space Station at 01:03:30 UTC on December 28, 2017. Just after 04:00 UTC, Russian flight controllers sent commands to fire the Progress' engines and deorbit the space freighter, sending it to a destructive entry over the unpopulated south Pacific Ocean (04:51:34 UTC).
After delivering more than 4,800 pounds (2,170 kg) of cargo, a SpaceX Dragon (CRS-13 or SpX-13) cargo spacecraft departed the International Space Station on January 13, 2018. Flight controllers used the space station's Canadarm2 robotic arm to detach Dragon, which arrived on December 17, 2017, from the Earth-facing side of the station's Harmony module. After Dragon was maneuvered into place, the spacecraft was released by a ground-controlled command monitored by Joseph Acaba and Scott Tingle at 09:58 UTC. Dragon's thrusters were fired to move the spacecraft a safe distance from the station before SpaceX flight controllers in Hawthorne, California, commanded its deorbit burn. The spacecraft splashed down at about 15:36 UTC in the Pacific Ocean, where recovery forces retrieved Dragon and approximately 4,100 pounds (1,860 kg) of cargo. This includes science samples from human and animal research, biology and biotechnology studies, physical science investigations and education activities.
On January 17, 2018, an ISS reboost was performed using module Zvezda thrusters. This reboost was to set up for Progress MS-08 launch planned on February 11, 2018 and the landing of Soyuz MS-06 on February 28, 2018. The engines started at 20:15 UTC and fired 15.6 seconds. The ISS got 0.24 m / sec. more speed. The actual parameters are 402.8 km x 422.7 km. The ISS needs 92.60 minutes for each orbit.
On January 23, 2018 Mark Vande Hei and Scott Tingle performed the first spacewalk (7h 24m). The objective was to replace one of two redundant latching end effectors (LEE) on Canadarm2, the station's robotic arm, which has experienced some degradation of its snaring cables. A spare LEE replaced the current LEE B.
A state command error was seen during powerup of the new LEE-B on the primary string. The EVA crew demated and remated the connectors, and ground teams were able to power up nominally on the secondary string but still received the state command error on the primary string.
During the spacewalk on January 23, 2018, Mark Vande Hei and Scott Tingle replaced a Latching End Effector (LEE-B) on the Canadarm2 robotic arm. An issue preventing the LEE from transitioning to an operational state on one of two redundant sets of communications strings was detected. The spacewalking crew demated and remated the connectors and ground teams were able to power up the arm to an operational state on its secondary communications string leaving the arm operational but without a redundant communications string. After extensive troubleshooting by teams from NASA and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA), the decision was made by space station managers to use the next US spacewalk to reinstall the LEE removed on the January 23, 2018 spacewalk to restore fully redundant capability to the robotic arm.
International Space Station officials have postponed the spacewalk on January 29, 2018 to swap latching end effectors (LEEs) on the Canadarm2 robotic arm. The decision was made after the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) and its robotics specialist team developed a diagnostics software patch confirming an anomaly noted in a primary communications string on the spare end effector installed during a prior spacewalk January 23, 2018 was not hardware related, and can be corrected through the implementation of software. A confidence test verifying the software upgrade was successfully completed on January 27, 2018 night.
On January 30, 2018, an ISS reboost was performed using module Zvezda thrusters. This reboost was to set up for Progress MS-08 launch planned on February 11, 2018. The engines started at 15:25 UTC and fired 22.8 seconds. The ISS got 0.35 m / sec. more speed. The actual parameters are 403.2 km x 424.3 km. The ISS needs 92.60 minutes for each orbit.
Russian cosmonauts Aleksandr Misurkin and Anton Shkaplerov performed the second spacewalk on February 02, 2018 (8h 13m). The primary objectives during the spacewalk were to remove and jettison the ShA-317A-II radio receiver for the "Lira" high-gain communications antenna on the Zvezda service module and install an upgraded electronics box to communication between Russian flight controllers and the Russian modules of the orbital outpost. The installation will allow in the future providing almost round-the-clock two-way transmission of information from the Russian segment of the ISS to ground tracking points through the satellites of the Russian multifunctional retransmission system Luch. Next they retrieved the experiments "Biorisk" and "Test" from the module Pirs.
The cosmonauts also took detailed photos of the exterior of the Russian modules, especially a material experiment container.
Objective: Acquisition of new data on possible manifestations (boundaries) of phenotypic adaptation and genotypic changes in bacterial and fungus associations forming a typical microbiota of structural materials used in space technology.
Task: Accommodation and exposure of Biorisk-MCH containers outside the pressurized compartment, and of Biorisk-KM sets and Biorisk-MCB containers inside the internal volume of the ISS Service Module. Biorisk-KM trays are retrieved once a year, Biorisk-MCB and Biorisk-MCH containers are retrieved each half year.
Objective: Making chemical, toxicological and microbiological analyses of samples taken from the external surface of the pressurized body on multilayer thermal insulation (MLTI) and under MLTI in the deposition areas of aggressive products of life-support systems and components of the own outer atmosphere.
Task: Sampling during extravehicular activity (EVA) for the assessment of the contamination hazard and correction of measures for safety assurance.
The launch of the unpiloted Russian Progress MS-08 occurred on February 13, 2018 at 08:13:33.233 UTC from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The freighter delivers 2,494 kg of food, fuel and supplies to the International Space Station (1,390 kg of "dry cargo", 890 kg of propellant in the refueling system tanks, 420 kg of water in Rodnik systems tanks, as well as 46 kg of bottled compressed oxygen, scientific equipment including the Icarus flight model and components for the life support system, as well as containers with food, clothing, medical supplies and personal hygiene items for the crewmembers are stowed in the cargo compartment). A first launch attempt on February 11, 2018 was scrubbed only a minute prior launch due to technical problems.
The spacecraft docked two days later to the Zvezda service module of the space station on February 15, 2018 at 10:38:42 UTC. Progress MS-08 will spend almost six months docked at the station before departing in August 2018 for its deorbit into the Earth's atmosphere.
For the third EVA Mark Vande Hei and Norishige Kanai left the International Space Station on February 16, 2018 (5h 57m). The two spacewalkers moved a Latching End Effector (LEE), or hand, for the Canadian-built robotic arm, Canadarm2, from a payload attachment on the station's Mobile Base System rail car to the Quest airlock. This LEE was replaced during an Expedition 53 spacewalk in October 2017, and will be returned to Earth to be refurbished and returned to the orbiting laboratory as a spare.
They also moved an aging, but functional, LEE that was removed during a January 23, 2018 spacewalk from its temporary storage outside the airlock to a long-term storage location where it will be available as a spare part for the Mobile Base System, which is used to move the arm and astronauts along the station's truss structure.
The spacewalk originally was scheduled January 29, 2018 but was postponed when a new LEE installed during the January 23, 2018 spacewalk encountered startup issues. Those issues were resolved January 27, 2018 through software updates written by Canadian Space Agency robotics specialists.
Finally the station command changed from Russian cosmonaut Aleksandr Misurkin to Russian cosmonaut Anton Shkaplerov. With undocking of Soyuz MS-06, carrying Aleksandr Misurkin, Mark Vande Hei and Joseph Acaba, on February 27, 2018 at 23:08:30 UTC the Expedition 54 concluded and the new ISS Expedition 55 began.
Among the US experiments are:
Investigation tests bacterial antibiotic resistance in microgravity
Antibiotic resistance could pose a danger to astronauts, especially since microgravity has been shown to weaken human immune response. E. coli AntiMicrobial Satellite (EcAMSat) will study microgravity's effect on bacterial antibiotic resistance. The experiment will expose two strains of E. coli, one with a resistance gene, the other without, to three different doses of antibiotics, then examine the viability of each group. Results from this investigation could contribute to determining appropriate antibiotic dosages to protect astronaut health during long-duration human spaceflight and help us understand how antibiotic effectiveness may change as a function of stress on Earth.
Testing Alternative Fibers
Optical Fiber Production in Microgravity (Made in Space Fiber Optics), a U.S. National Lab investigation sponsored by the Center for the Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS), demonstrates the benefits of manufacturing fiber optic filaments in a microgravity environment. This investigation will attempt to pull fiber optic wire from ZBLAN, a heavy metal fluoride glass commonly used to make fiber optic glass. When ZBLAN is solidified on Earth, its atomic structure tends to form into crystals. Research indicates that ZBLAN fiber pulled in microgravity may not crystalize as much, giving it better optical qualities than the silica used in most fiber optic wire. Results from this investigation could lead to the production of higher-quality fiber optic products both in space and on Earth.
Tracking Earth's Sunshine from Space
NASA's Total and Spectral Solar Irradiance Sensor (TSIS) will measure the sun's energy input to Earth. Various satellites have captured a continuous record of this solar energy input to Earth since 1978. TSIS-1 sensors advance previous measurements with three times the accuracy, enabling scientists to study the sun's natural influence on Earth's ozone layer, atmospheric circulation, clouds, and ecosystems. These observations are essential for a scientific understanding of the effects of solar variability on the Earth system.
Monitoring Orbital Debris
The Space Debris Sensor (SDS) will directly measure the orbital debris environment around the space station for two to three years. Mounted on the exterior of the station, this one square meter sensor uses dual-layer thin films, an acoustic sensor system, a resistive grid sensor system and a sensored backstop to provide near-real-time impact detection and recording. Research from this investigation could help lower the risk to human life and critical hardware by orbital debris.
Self-assembling and Self-replicating materials
The Advanced Colloids Experiment- Temperature-7 (ACE-T-7) investigation involves the design and assembly of 3-D structures from small particles suspended in a fluid medium, structures that are vital to the design of advanced optical materials and electronic devices. Future space exploration may use self-assembly and self-replication to make materials and devices that can repair themselves on long duration missions.
During the stay on board of the ISS the crews of Expeditions 53 / 54 carried out the following scientific experiments (without Russian experiments):
ACE-M-2 (Advanced Colloids Experiment-Microscopy-2)
ACE-T-9 (Advanced Imaging, Folding, and Assembly of Colloidal Molecules)
ACME (Advanced Combustion Microgravity Experiment)
AIRWAY MONITORING (AIRWAY MONITORING)
AMS-02 (Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer - 02)
ARAMIS (Augmented Reality Application for Maintenance, Inventory and Stowage)
ARED Kinematics (ARED Kinematics)
ASIM (Atmosphere-Space Interactions Monitor)
ATOMIZATION (Detailed validation of the new atomization concept derived from drop tower experiments--Aimed at developing a turbulent atomization simulator)
Area PADLES (Area Passive Dosimeter for Life-Science Experiments in Space)
At Home in Space (Culture, Values, and Environmental Adaptation in Space)
Biochem Profile (Biochemical Profile)
CALET (CALorimetric Electron Telescope)
CASIS PCG 7 (Crystallization of LRRK2 Under Microgravity Conditions)
CATS (Cloud-Aerosol Transport System)
CEO (Crew Earth Observations)
CREAM (Cosmic Ray Energetics and Mass)
Cerebral Autoregulation (Human Cerebral Autoregulation during Long-duration Spaceflight)
Circadian Rhythms (Circadian Rhythms)
DOSIS-3D (Dose Distribution Inside the International Space Station - 3D)
ESA-Active-Dosimeters (European Crew Personal Active Dosimeter)
Energy (Astronaut's Energy Requirements for Long-Term Space Flight)
Exerc-Orthostatic Tolerance (Structured Exercise Training as Countermeasure to Space Flight-Induced Orthostatic Intolerance)
FLUIDICS (Fluid Dynamics in Space)
FNS (Fast Neutron Spectrometer)
Field Test (Recovery of Functional Sensorimotor Performance Following Long Duration Space Flight)
Fine Motor Skills (Effects of Long-Duration Microgravity on Fine Motor Skills: 1 year ISS Investigation)
Formaldehyde Gas Monitor (Technology Demonstration of Real-Time Formaldehyde Gas Monitor)
Functional Immune (Functional Immune Alterations, Latent Herpesvirus Reactivation, Physiological Stress and Clinical Incidence Onboard the International Space Station)
GRASP (Gravitational References for Sensimotor Performance: Reaching and Grasping)
Genes in Space-3 ( Genes in Space-3)
HDEV (High Definition Earth Viewing)
IN SITU (ISS Non-invasive Sample Investigation and results Transmission to ground with the Utmost easiness)
IPVI (Non-invasive assessment of intracranial pressure for space flight and related visual impairment)
ISS Ham Radio (ARISS) (International Space Station Ham Radio (also known as Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS)))
ISS RapidScat (ISS-RapidScat)
Intervertebral Disc Damage (Risk of Intervertebral Disc Damage after Prolonged Space Flight)
JAXA ELF (Electrostatic Levitation Furnace (ELF))
JAXA Low Temp PCG (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Protein Crystallization Growth)
JAXA PCG (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Protein Crystallization Growth)
LDST (Long Duration Sorbent Testbed)
LMM Biophysics 1 (The Effect of Macromolecular Transport of Microgravity Protein Crystallization)
Lighting Effects (Testing Solid State Lighting Countermeasures to Improve Circadian Adaptation, Sleep, and Performance During High Fidelity Analog and Flight Studies for the International Space Station)
MAXI (Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image)
MOBIPV (Mobile Procedure Viewer)
MSL SCA-Batch 2b-ESA (Material Science Lab Batch 2b)
MUSCLE BIOPSY (Muscle Biopsy)
MVIS Controller-1 (MVIS Controller-1)
Made In Space Fiber Optics (Optical Fiber Production in Microgravity)
Maritime Awareness (Global AIS on Space Station (GLASS))
Marrow (The MARROW study (Bone Marrow Adipose Reaction: Red Or White?))
Meteor (Meteor Composition Determination)
Microbial Tracking-2 (International Space StationMicrobial Observatory of Pathogenic Viruses, Bacteria, and Fungi (ISS-MOP) Project)
Miniaturized Particle Telescope (Miniaturized Particle Telescope)
Multi-Omics (Multi-omics analysis of human microbial-metabolic cross-talk in the space ecosystem)
NICER (Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer)
NanoRacks-NDC-Ames for Space-Bacteria Testing (NanoRacks-NDC-Ames for Space-Bacteria Testing)
NeuroMapping (Spaceflight Effects on Neurocognitive Performance: Extent, Longevity, and Neural Bases)
PK-4 (Plasma Kristall-4)
PS-TEPC (Establishment of dosimetric technique in the International Space Station (ISS) with Position Sensitive Tissue Equivalent Proportional Chamber)
Plant Gravity Perception (Gravity Perception Systems)
Plant Habitat-01 (An Integrated Omics Guided Approach to Lignification and Gravitational Responses: The final Frontier.)
Probiotics (Study for evaluating the impact of continuous consumption of probiotics on immune function and intestinal microbiota in astronauts under closed microgravity environment)
Radi-N2 (Radi-N2 Neutron Field Study)
Repository (National Aeronautics and Space Administration Biological Specimen Repository)
Rodent Research-5 (RR-5) (Systemic Therapy of NELL-1 for Osteoporosis)
Rodent Research-6 (RR-6) (Rodent Research-6 (RR-6))
SAGE III-ISS (Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment III-ISS)
SCAN Testbed (Space Communications and Navigation Testbed)
SEDA-AP (Space Environment Data Acquisition Equipment - Attached Payload)
SPHERES-Zero-Robotics (Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites-Zero-Robotics)
STP-H5 APS (Space Test Program-H5 Automated Plume Sentry)
STP-H5 CSP (STP-H5-Center for High-performance REconfigurable Computing (CHREC) Space Processor)
STP-H5 EHD (STP-H5-Electro-Hydro Dynamics)
STP-H5 FPS (STP-H5-Fabry Perot Spectrometer for Methane)
STP-H5 GROUP-C (Space Test Program-H5-GPS Radio Occultation and Ultraviolet Photometry Co-located)
STP-H5 ICE (STP-H5-Innovative Coatings Experiment)
STP-H5 LIS (STP-H5-Lightning Imaging Sensor)
STP-H5 LITES (STP-H5-Limb-Imaging Ionospheric and Thermospheric Extreme-Ultraviolet Spectrographs)
STP-H5 RHEME (STP-H5-Radiation Hardened Electronic Memory Experiment)
STP-H5 Raven (Raven)
STP-H5 SHM (STP-H5-Structural Health Monitoring)
STP-H5 Space Cube - Mini (STP-H5-SpaceCube - Mini)
STP-H5 iMESA-R (Space Test Program-H5-integrated Miniature Electro-Static Analyzer-Reflight)
Sally Ride EarthKAM (Sally Ride Earth Knowledge Acquired by Middle School Students)
Space Headaches (Space Headaches)
Space Pup (Effect of space environment on mammalian reproduction)
Straight Ahead in Microgravity (Straight Ahead in Microgravity)
TBone (Assessment of the effect of space flight on bone quality using three-dimensional high resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT))
Telescience Resource Kit (Flight Demonstration of Telescience Resource Kit)
Try Zero-G for Asia (Try Zero-G for Asia)
Two-Phase Flow (Interfacial behaviors and Heat transfer characteristics in Boiling Two-Phase Flow)
Vascular Echo (Cardiac and Vessel Structure and Function with Long-Duration Space Flight and Recovery)
Vessel ID System (Vessel ID System)
|EVA||Vande Hei, Mark||23.01.2018, 11:49 UTC||23.01.2018, 19:13 UTC||7h 24m||ISS-54||ISS - Quest||EMU No. 3003|
|EVA||Tingle, Scott||23.01.2018, 11:49 UTC||23.01.2018, 19:13 UTC||7h 24m||ISS-54||ISS - Quest||EMU No. 3004|
|EVA||Misurkin, Aleksandr||02.02.2018, 15:34 UTC||02.02.2018, 23:47 UTC||8h 13m||ISS-54||ISS- Pirs||Orlan-MKS No. 4|
|EVA||Shkaplerov, Anton||02.02.2018, 15:34 UTC||02.02.2018, 23:47 UTC||8h 13m||ISS-54||ISS- Pirs||Orlan-MK No. 6|
|EVA||Vande Hei, Mark||16.02.2018, 12:00 UTC||16.02.2018, 17:57 UTC||5h 57m||ISS-54||ISS - Quest||EMU No. 3003|
|EVA||Kanai, Norishige||16.02.2018, 12:00 UTC||16.02.2018, 17:57 UTC||5h 57m||ISS-54||ISS - Quest||EMU No. 3008|
Last update on June 03, 2018.